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The rules for this grading process were established over 100 years ago by the National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA) and are still the standard for the U.S. hardwood industry and the basis for international trade. Cumaru Often confused with Teak , which comes from Southeast Asia, Cumaru’s yellowish brown hue and fine interlocking grain patterns make it an attractive alternative to Ipe, and Cumaru is often used for deck-building. Alnus rubra. n Of all temperate forests in the world, North American forests have the most diverse hardwood species. For this reason, I decided to revise and expand this site. Most of the species featured here can be used in a wide range of applications, from fine furniture to industrial sized structural panels. The maples are next in abundance, followed … The hardwood forests of the eastern United States contain a wide range of temperate hardwood species, which have been managed for commercial and non-commercial purposes since the turn of the 20th century. Unlike the conifers or softwood firs, spruce and pines, hardwood trees have evolved into a broad array of common species. Cherry. After final inspection, we separate Select & Better from other grades to maintain grade integrity. Alder. nOf the 20 most prevalent American species, the red oak group is the most abundant growing in the eastern hardwood forests and by far the most common genus, accounting for more than 30 percent of all hardwood volume. Understanding these variations and how they affect the process of sourcing American hardwoods is crucial. To learn how to most effectively use this site, please go to the Getting Started section. White Birch. This is the third edition of this site containing nearly twice as many species, higher resolution imagery and more in-depth descriptions of each species. When I first put this site together more than a  decade ago, its purpose was to exist as a resource for students in forestry who needed to learn to identify wood as part of their curriculum. In addition to the basics – where they grow, general description, and abundance – each Hardwood profile includes working and physical … Once harvested and milled, American hardwoods offer a great variety of colour, grain and character; from the warm, darker tones of red oak, cherry and alder to the lighter hues of maple, tulipwood and ash. The American hardwood forests support a vibrant, healthy and increasing stand of timber, as well as a large and diverse wildlife population. Based on the second picture, I can see that it is a ring porous hardwood with very large aggregate rays, which strongly suggests oak. DISTRIBUTION. The grading of American hardwood into categories helps determine the value and potential use for each board of sawn lumber. For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. Poplar. Northwest Hardwoods offer over 20 species of exotic hardwood that are kiln-dried for appropriate conditioning and moisture content. This site includes descriptions and imagery of nearly 60 species of common, and not-so-common, lumber species found throughout the U.S. and Canada. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. Wood Species. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. Whether you are a student, woodworker, scientist, or a layperson with a need to identify wood, I hope you will find this site useful. They vary in appearance and durability, with some species more plentiful than others because of their natural occurrence. Wood is a natural material and by its very nature may contain different characteristics. GENERAL DESCRIPTION. Widely available U.S. softwood trees include cedar, fir, hemlock, pine, … Few other countries can boast this level of success in the sustainability of its hardwood forests. Their availability and characteristics vary according to growing regions but every American hardwood species is growing at a far greater rate than it is harvested. Identification Of Common North American Woods. The American hardwood forests support a vibrant, healthy and increasing stand of timber, as well as a large and diverse wildlife population. This is the third edition of this site containing nearly twice as many species, higher resolution imagery and more in-depth descriptions of each species. This site includes descriptions and imagery of nearly 60 species of common, and not-so-common, lumber species found throughout the U.S. and Canada. Red Oak. Once harvested and milled, American hardwoods offer a great variety of colour, grain and character; from the warm, darker tones of red oak, cherry and alder to the lighter hues of maple, tulipwood and ash. It has been designed to serve both the amateur and experienced person in identifying unknown wood specimens. Some of our most sought-after South American hardwood species include Cumaru, Massaranduba, and Genuine Mahogany. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Ash, White. Principally the Pacific Northwest, where it is the most abundant commercial hardwood. AMERICAN HARDWOODS COLLECTION 3 American HARDWOODS. This site includes descriptions and imagery of nearly 60 species of common, and not-so-common, lumber species found throughout the U.S. and Canada. Forests, where a majority of their trees drop leaves at the end of the typical growing season, are called deciduous forests. Knotty Alder. Click on Species for door designs available. The name White ash derives from the blueish white undersides of the leaves. Maple. As a natural, dynamic material, American hardwoods vary greatly in character and properties from species to species; but trees of a single species can also vary from one region to another, depending on climate, soil and altitude, as well as forest management. We currently offer solid construction wood doors in the following wood species. Alder, a relative of birch, is almost white when freshly cut, but quickly changes with exposure to air, becoming light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge. The most common species in North America are oaks, maple, hickory, birch, beech and cherry. Based on the black discoloration near the sapwood/heartwood, I’d be more inclined to guess it to be a species of red oak, but not 100% sure. It is similar … This is the third edition of this site containing nearly twice as many species, higher resolution imagery and more in-depth descriptions of each species. 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The most abundant commercial hardwood of applications, from fine furniture to industrial sized panels... How to most effectively use this site the typical growing season, are called deciduous forests at the end the... Of exotic hardwood that are kiln-dried for appropriate conditioning and moisture content because... And how they affect the process of sourcing American Hardwoods are abundant renewing! The value and potential use for each board of sawn lumber next in abundance, followed … Ash,.!

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